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Original Research Article | OPEN ACCESS

Retrospective Review of Tongue Lesions in Agbor, Delta State, Nigeria

Ndidi Nwakanma Okoro , Philemon Nwabunwene Okolie

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Unit, Dental Centre, Central Hospital, Agbor, Nigeria;

For correspondence:-  Ndidi Okoro   Email:  drokorondidi@gmail.com   Tel:  +2348036019521

Published: 31 March 2021

Citation: Okoro NN, Okolie PN. Retrospective Review of Tongue Lesions in Agbor, Delta State, Nigeria. Trop J Med Dent Pract 2021; 2(1):27-34 doi: https://doi.org/10.47227/tjmdp.v2i1.4

© 2021 The author(s).
This is an Open Access article that uses a funding model which does not charge readers or their institutions for access and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0) and the Budapest Open Access Initiative (http://www.budapestopenaccessinitiative.org/read), which permit unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited..

Abstract

Introduction: Tongue lesions consist of abnormal alterations of color, texture, surface aspect, or loss of integrity of the tongue. The organ is associated with a wide variety of local and systemic diseases. This study was designed to determine the prevalence, pattern of presentations and distribution of various tongue lesions in Central Hospital, Agbor.
Methods: A retrospective study of records of all patients that presented with lesions of the tongue at the Dental Centre, Central Hospital, Agbor between January 2015 to December 2020 was carried out. Data collected and analysed included the age, sex, nature of lesion, site of lesion and the histopathologic diagnosis.
Results: A total of 229 patients presented with tongue lesions within the years reviewed, with 151(65.9%) males and 78(34.1%) females giving a male to female ratio of 1.9:1. Traumatic injuries of the tongue were the commonest lesions accounting for 39(17.03%) of all the cases. This was followed by coated tongue (15.3%) and squamous cell carcinoma 28(12.2%). Other lesions appeared with lesser frequencies.
Conclusion: This study revealed that tongue lesions were found among the different age groups in both males and females. These findings were not considerably different from the results of other previous studies, but it provided more information regarding tongue lesions in our locality.

 

Keywords: Tongue lesions, traumatic, carcinoma

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